Q1. Discuss the qualities of a leader?

Erben and Guneser, Gul and Ayse (November 2008) Leadership is the process of influencing the behavior of the people in one’s own way. It facilitates the function of guiding, actuating and inducing subordinates to work with zeal and enthusiasm for the achievement of the objectives laid down. Leaders are considered to be the moving spirits, guiding stars and source of inspiration to their subordinates. A leader interprets the objectives of the business, suggests course of action and guides people to achieve the set objectives. It is a process of motivation. An effective leader must be intelligent and knowledgeable. He must be hardworking, objective, possess self-confidence and good communication skills. He must have the ability to guide and to maintain good human relations. He must be prepared to share responsibilities along with authority. A leader must inspire for cooperation among all the members and effective communication must be developed among the subordinates for better and there should be maximum utilization of physical resources.

Q2. Is the leader’s style autocratic, democratic, or laissez-faire? Why or why not?

Martindale, N (2011)Leadership styles were framed by Kurt Lewin in 1930 that provides the foundation of many approaches that was followed afterwards. The autocratic leaders make decisions without consulting to their team members even if their input is useful. But this is considered appropriate when quick decisions are to be made, team input is not necessary and an agreement is not necessary for a successful outcome. But this style has many drawbacks as it is very demoralizing and it leads to high level of absenteeism and also staff turnover. Democratic leaders include the team members in the decision making process to make the final decision. In this process people are engaged in projects and decisions and leaders also encourage creativity. There is high job satisfaction and high productivity in this style. But this style is not recommended when quick decisions are to be made. The laissez faire leader gives a lot of freedom to their team members to set their deadline and how do they work. They provide full support to their team members with resources and advice if needed. It provides high job satisfaction but it is also harmful if the team members do not manage their time well and if they do not have proper knowledge and skill required.

Q3.How does this leader help his or her followers achieve the organization’s goals?

Woods, A.P. (2010) the leadership initiates the work by communicating the policies and plans to the subordinates from where the work actually starts. He motivates the employees by providing monetary and non-monetary rewards and gets the work from the subordinates. He also guides and supervises the subordinates by instructing the way they have to perform their work effectively and efficiently. He creates confidence that can be achieved by expressing the work efforts to the subordinates by explaining them their roles and giving them guidelines to achieve the goals effectively.

 

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References

Martindale, N (2011). “Leadership Styles: How to handle the different personas”. Strategic Communication Management. Retrieved 28/5/2011

Erben and Guneser, Gul and Ayse (November 2008). “The Relationship Between Paternalistic Leadership and Organizational Commitement:Investigating the Role of Climate Regarding ethics”.  Retrieved 12/1/2012.

Woods, A.P. (2010). “Democratic leadership: drawing distinctions with distributed leadership”. Retrieved 5/6/2010